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Khakassia (Russia)


Last modified: 2002-12-20 by antonio martins
Keywords: khakassia | sun: 4 rays | ethnic | stela | scytho-siberian art | tazmin | okunevo |
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[Khakassian flag]
by Zeljko Heimer and António Martins, 21 Jan 2000
See also: Other sites:
  • Official website, showing the newly adopted (2002.01.01) coat of arms.
    reported by István Molnár, 03 Dec 2001

Presentation of Khakassia

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Khakassia • (russian, short form): Хакасия | Qakasiâ • (russian, long form): Республика Хакасия | Respublika Qakasiâ
  • Local official language: Khakass
  • Capital: Абакан | Abakan
  • Area: 61 900 km2 (≅23 900 sq.mi.) • Population: 580 100 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Republic (Республика | Respublika) within the Russian Federation
  • Federal District: Siberia • Economic region: East Siberia
  • License plate code: 19 • Ham radio code: HA • ISO 3166-2 code: KK
  • Flag adopted on 1992.06.06 • Coat of arms adopted on 1992.06.06

Khakassia was one of the parts of the Krasnoyarsk region two years ago. Now it is not.
Larisa V. Voloshenko, 19 Mar 1998

Description of the flag

The Khakassian flag is based on the Russian tricolour of white-blue-red. At the hoist is a green vertical stripe with a circular emblem (which also appears on the coat of arms).
Stuart Notholt, 26 Sep 1995

I suppose the hoist stripe derives from the Khakass ethnical flag, as it shows the same device and colors. The meaning would also be obvious, since the republic's flag adds an extensive russian tricolor to the Khakass emblem.
António Martins, 01 Jun 2001

In 1994 the sun was changed, and is now yellow, but lined white, not green [as in ethnical flag]. I saw it myself last summer when I was in Khakasiya: there are two white circles inside.
Carlo Scopelliti, 15 Aug 2000

Previous flag

[incorrect flag of Khakassia]
by Zeljko Heimer and António Martins, 24 Apr 2000

On June 6th, 1992, the Flag Law was adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic. The flag was: three horizontal stripes — white, blue, red; black-white solar sign on the green vertical stripe near the hoist. On December 23rd, 1993 the Law No 29 changed the colours of the solar sign from black and white to golden and white.
Victor Lomantsov, 23 Apr 2000 and 16 Aug 2000

The official web site of the Republic of Khakassia still displays the black-white sun.
Jan Zrzavy, 22 Apr 2000

This flag, with medium blue central stripe, is listed under number 121 at the chart Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] as: «Khakassia (Khakass Turks) - South Siberia».
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 1999

Unofficial flag of the Khakass

[Unofficial Khakassian flag]
by António Martins and Jaume Ollé, 24 Apr 2000

This is the National Flag of the Khakassian People, i.e. ehtnically the Khakass. The symbol is yellow on green and the 2nd and 4th rings from the center are green.
Timur Davletov, 06 Apr 2000

The field is green because, according to an Arab writer who visited the Kyrgyz Empire (located where Khakasiya is now) in the Middle Ages, that people had green flags (although they were not and have never been Muslims). Green is also a traditional color in Siberia, associated with forests.

As regards the sun, it is not a Khakasian symbol: it was recently adopted. Actually, this sun-symbol is to be found on the stone stelae of the prehistoric Tazmin civilization (some historians call it Okunevo civilization, but since there is another, different civilization called Okunevo, I think that Tazmin is better). The Tazmin civilization was simply located in the region where Khakasiya is now: the Khakasian people (which is of Turkish stock, mixed with local tribes) appeared much later. These stelae are very famous in Khakasiya: they call them kamennye baby in Russian (stone women). The sun is divided into three parts because it travels along its orbit in the sky, shines above the earth and visits the underworld during the night.

The Khakasian people, before being converted into Orthodox Christianity, followed a shamanistic religion and used to make offerings before those stelae, belonging to a long-forgotten civilization which was not theirs. There is a shamanastic revival going on now, and the people has never really abandoned those practices: hence the importance of the stelae to them.

The sun-symbol is repeated on the emblem of the Khakasiya Republic, along with the sleeping snow-panther (spâxiĭ bars | спящий барс in Russian), a symbol found on a wonderful object of Scytho-Syberian art in a burying mound of the Altay Region in Southern Siberia (although Altay is not Khakasiya, this art, which is a variant of Scythian art, was widespread all over Siberia).

Carlo Scopelliti, 15 Aug 2000

Coat of arms

The new arms are in use since 1.1.2002 (adopted in 2001). Author of drawing Alexander Kotozhekov.
Victor Lomantsov, 07 Mar 2002