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Karelia (Russia)


Last modified: 2003-03-01 by antonio martins
Keywords: karelia | star: 8 points (golden) | sun: 8 rays | bear |
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[Karelian flag]
by António Martins, 06 Oct 1999

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Presentation of Karelia

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Karelia • (russian, short form): Карелия | Kareliâ • (russian, long form): Республика Карелия | Respublika Kareliâ
  • Local official language: Karelian
  • Capital: Петрозаводск | Petrozavodsk
  • Area: 172 400 km2 (≅66 500 sq.mi.) • Population: 761 800 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Republic (Республика | Respublika) within the Russian Federation
  • Federal District: Northwestern Region • Economic region: North (northern European Russia) (in the soviet era: Northwest)
  • License plate code: 10 • Ham radio code: KL • ISO 3166-2 code: KR
  • Flag adopted on 1993.02.16 • Coat of arms adopted on 1993.09.28

The Karelians, ethnic Finns, were never part of an independent Finland, however, and constitute only 10% in the Republic named for them. The Karelian Autonomous Republic was created in 1923.
Stuart Notholt, 17 Sep 1995

Description of the flag

On 16 february 1993 a flag was adopted with equal horizontal stripes red-blue-green.
Jan-Oskar Engene, 18 Mar 1996

Medium red, light blue and green in horizontal stripes — suggesting that this flag was inspired in the 1953-1956 Karelian-Finnish S.S.R. one.
António Martins, 06 Oct 1999

This flag, with an incorrect dark blue central stripe, is listed under number 84 at the chart Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] as: «Karjala (Karelians) - North-West Russia».
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 1999

The Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] chart is in error when it lists the striped flag of the Republic of Karelia within the Russian Federation as the flag of the Karelians, as these use rather the cross flag of 1920.
Jan Oskar Engene, 17 Jul 2000

Coat of arms

CoA of Karelia
by Pascal Gross

Flag of 1992

[1992 karelian flag]
by António Martins, 08 Jun 1999

Flagmaster 072 [flm] reported the Karelian Republic to have adopted a flag of blue-over-white with a green triangle at the hoist (a la Czech republic) in October 1992, but Flagmaster 074 [flm] reports the red-blue-green horizontal tricolour being adopted in February 1993.
Roy Stilling, 18 Sep 1995

Isn’t it too similar to Khabarovsk’s (which is white over blue instead)? On the other hand, this was abolished in 1993.02 (if it ever existed) while Khabarovsk’s flag was approved in 1994.07.14...
António Martins, 08 Jun 1999

Pyetrozavodsk city
(Petrozavodsk | Петрозаводск / Petroskoi, a county-status city)

[Petrzavodsk flag]
by Pascal Gross, 09 Mar 2002

Flag of Petrozavodsk — capital city of the Republic of Karelia. Image from, the official city administration web site.
Chris Kretowicz, 13 Nov 2002

Also at, on the same site.
Pascal Gross, 09 Mar 2002

Coat of arms detail

[Petrzavodsk CoA]
by Chris Kretowicz, 09 May 2001

The upper half of the arms of Petrozavodsk is the arms of Novgorod, to whose province (gubernia^) Petrozavodsk / Petroskoi once (before 1918) belonged.
Victor Lomantsov, 12 May 2001

Arms also used by the Lyydi Karelians.
Chris Kretowicz, 09 May 2001