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Tataria (Russia)


Last modified: 2003-01-25 by antonio martins
Keywords: tataria | tartary | tatar | tatarstan | qazâqmetov (tavil) | snow leopard | ak bars | kamaz | kama3 | horse |
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[Tataria flag]
by António Martins, May 1999
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Presentation of Tataria (or Tartary)

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Tataria (or Tartary) • (russian, short form): Татарстан, Татария | Tatarstan, Tatariâ • (russian, long form): Республика Татарстан | Respublika Tatarstan • (local, short form): Tatarstan, Татарстан | Tatarstan
  • Local official language: Tatar (a.k.a. Tartarian)
  • Capital (russian): Казань | Kazanh • (english): Kazan
  • Area: 68 000 km2 (≅26 200 sq.mi.) • Population: 3 772 800 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Republic (Республика | Respublika) within the Russian Federation
  • Federal District: Volga • Economic region: Volga
  • License plate code: 16 • Ham radio code: TA • ISO 3166-2 code: TA
  • Flag adopted on 1991.11.19 • Coat of arms adopted on 1992.12.07

Tatarstan is peopled by both Russians and Tatar peoples. The latter trace their heritage to the powerful Kazan state which was finally conquered by the Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible in 1552. A Tatar ASSR was established early in the history of the USSR, in 1920. The Tatars were supposed to form an ideological spearhead for the Communization of other non-Slavic peoples. In 1990, this ASSR declared itself a full Union Republic (being amongst the first to do so). In 1992, the Republic passed, by referendum, a resolution of independence. Since then, however, the constitutional crisis this posed appears to have been defused, with the signing of a unique accord between Russia and Tatarstan defining mutual roles and obligations.
Stuart Notholt, 25 Nov 1995

Tatars as a nation originated as a result of mixing of Turkic tribes that came from Asia to what is now Tatarstan in the 7th century AD with local Finnish tribes that lived there. Tatars created their own state in the 9th century AD in what is now Tatarstan. It was one of the first states in Eastern Europe (it came into existence earlier than Russia).
Sabirzyan Badertinov, 01 Jul 1997

As far as I know, there's currently no especially active Tatar independentist movement, although is clear that Tatars are the most «different and proud» of all peoples in Russia — they're also the largest all-Russia minority ethnical group, after Russian and Ukranian.
António Martins, 08 Apr 1998

Description and origin of the flag

The flag officially adopted on 29 November 1991 holds red and green in a 7:1:7 three horizontal stripes.
Giuseppe Bottasini

This flag (but in proportions 2:3) is listed under number 92 at the chart Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] as: «Tatarstan (Tatars) - Central Russia».
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 1999

The colours purportedly stand for the Muslim Tatars and the Russians.
Stuart Notholt, 25 Nov 1995

According to official explanation:

  • Red band symbolizes fight for happiness, bravery and courage,
  • White band symbolizes peace, concord and honest future,
  • Green band symbolizes hope, freedom and wealth.
Grzegorz Skrukwa, 15 Oct 2001

The colours of the national flag of Tatarstan, were designed from the flag of the Tatar Public Center, (which was planned to be the new national flag) later recognized by the Tatarstan Constitution as the flag of the Turkish peoples of Idel-Ural.
Jaume Ollé, 21 Oct 1997, and Ralf Stelter, 04 Mar 1999

According to Rezeda Dautova [dtv01], the flag of Tataria was designed by artist-painter Tavil Qazâqmatov (Тавил Хазяхматов) in 1986, during his stay in England; he made many proposals for the future flag. In 1991 a competition for Tatarstan flag and arms was held and one of Qazyaqmatov’s designs was chosed among more than 100 proposals, and was adopted in 1991 by the Tatarstan parliament. (Interesting fact is, that Khazyakhmatov and Fakhrutdynov, the arms competition winner received as award only middle-class cars Oka. In Bashkiria, winners of competition for arms and flag received top-class cars Volga and three-room flats.)
Grzegorz Skrukwa, 15 Oct 2001

My sources say "Qazâqmetov" (Хазяхметов).
Victor Lomantsov, 15 Oct 2001

I'm just back from four days in Naberez^nyi~ C^elny, in Tataria (a city briefly named Brez^nev in the last years of the soviet era). The tatar flag is widely used locally, either isolated or along with the russian national flag. It seemed to me that standalone flags are usually longer (1:2) and those flown along with the russian flag shorter (2:3), but that might have been an optical illusion due to the narrow middle stripe. No other flags in sight, except for commercial flags, like oil companies’ at gas stations.
António Martins, 09 Mar 2000

Coat of arms of Tataria

[Coat of arms of Tataria]
by Pascal Gross, 21 Jan 2000

The arms is circular, red with white winged snow leopard. The disc is bordered with white line and around it with green circle bearing yellow ornament all around except in lower part where there is inscription "TATAPCTAH" (i.e. "Tatarstan" in cyrillic letters).
Zeljko Heimer, 02 Aug 1997

The winner of competition for the arms was Rif Faqrutdynov (Риф Фахрутдынов). Three circles represents three historical stages of Tatar statehood:

  • Proto-Bulgarian Khanate (IX-XIII Century)
  • Kazan Khanate (XV-XVI Century)
  • modern Tatarstan
The red circle is also a rising sun — symbol of rebirthmenth. Ak Bars (snow leopard) is an ancient symbol of Turkish peoples. He has wings, because he rules over land, water and heaven. He has shield, because he defends the people. Uprised hand is an imperial gesture.
Grzegorz Skrukwa, 15 Oct 2001

The animal on the arms is called ak bars | ак барс in Tatar (beliĭ bars | белий барс in Russian) which means "white snow leopard" (Panthera uncia — ed.). This is an ancient Tatar symbol and a very popular one. In Kazan I saw "Ak bars" supermarket and "Ak bars" bank, also there is an ice-hockey club "Ak bars" which was the champion of Russian ice-hockey league last year (this year on 4th place).
Anton Apostol, 18 May 1999

Flag of Kamaz company

In Naberez^nyi~ C^elny, Tataria, are located the main facilities of the russian truck manufactor Kamaz; I spotted it's flag, which is dark blue with the company logo — a stray horse viewed from ahead and lettering "KAMA3" (seldom it shows also in latin characters "KAMAZ", but not on the flag). The name Kamaz comes from Kamskii~ Avtozavod (automobile factory of the Kama river, a local tributary of the Volga).
António Martins, 09 Mar 2000

Antinuclear Society of Tataria

At, there is the flag of Antinuclear society of Tataria.
Jens Pattke, 28 Oct 2001

There is a better logo at
Victor Lomantsov, 02 Nov 2001