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Turks and Caicos

Last modified: 2003-07-18 by dov gutterman
Keywords: turks and caicos | jamaica | bahamas | conch | crayfish | america | caribbean | shell | lobster | cactus | pelican | sisal |
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Turks and Caicos flag
by Zeljko Heimer, 11 February 1996
Flag adopted 7 November 1968, coat of arms adopted 28 September 1965

See also:

  • Turks and Caicos - Historical Flags
  • United Kingdom
  • United Kingdom - Colonial Flags

  • Overview

    According to a book of W. Crampton's, the arms depict a conch, a crayfish and a cactus.
    Joan-Francois Blanc, 13 November 1996

    The lobster (or whatever is it in upper fly part of the shield) is light blue, as it is in N.Smith's 'FOTW'. In W.Smith's book it is multicoloured. On some pictures there is a helmet over the shield. The ratio is in N.Smith's book aprox. 5:9 that seems to me quite unusual, and I am readier to accept 1:2, as I found in several other places.
    Zeljko Heimer, 11 February 1996

    The charges on the shield are a Queen conch shell, a spiny lobster and a Turk's Head cactus. The shield is supported by two flamingoes, and has as its crest a pelican between two sisal plants.
    James Dignan, 22 November 1995

    I noticed that theres an authorization for use of the blue ensign dated 7 November 1958. The blue ensign in 1958 looks too much the Historical Flag of 1875, only changed apparently with the badge improvements. Was always in use from c. 1875 to 1958, or perhaps was a interruption before 1958?
    Jaume Olle', 8 July 2003

    There is an error of ten years. Defacement of the Blue Ensign with the shield of the arms that were granted on 28 September 1965 received Royal approval through the College of Arms.  Recorded at College of Arms in "Standards" Volume 3, page 113; 7 November 1968.
    Whilst checking this I found that the Union Jack defaced with the Turks & Caicos 1875 badge was cancelled 22 September 1923. [National Archives (PRO) ADM 116/1847B].
    It is not known when the Union Jack defaced with the present badge came into use.  Probably 1973 when the Bahamas became independent and the Turks & Caicos Administrator was up-graded to Governor.
    David Prothero, 9 July 2003

    Presentation of the Turks and Caicos Islands

    Full name: Turks and Caicos Islands
    Location: Carribean Islands, Central America
    Status: British Colony
    A short history:
    Under British rule in 1766. 1804 Turks Islands ruled by Jamaica. 1848 Caicos Islands joined the Turks Islands in a separated administrative territory of Jamaica. 1962 Separated from Jamaica (independent) and administered from the Bahamas. The arms were granted in 1965, after the separation from Jamaica. The flag is use since 1968. In 1973 Turks and Caicos became a distinct colony as Bahamas became independent.
    Joan-Francois Blanc, 13 November 1996

    The administrative sequence was:
    Until 1959 the T&C were a dependency of Jamaica; in 1959 the T&C became a separate colony but until 1962 the Governor of Jamaica was also the Governor of T&C. Between 1962 and 1965 the Administrator of the T&C reported directly to London. Between 1965 and 1973 the Administrator was subordinate to the Governor of the Bahamas who was also Governor of the T&C. In 1973 when Bahamas became independent the Administrator was up-graded to Governor.
    David Prothero, 30 July 1997

    Turks/Caicos and the Cayman Islands were dependencies of Jamaica. Turks had its own badge based on the Seal of the colony from 1875 until 1958 when it was replaced by the current shield
    David Prothero, 22 November 1999

    Coat of Arms

    from Ralf Hartemink site

    The crest of the Turks & Caicos Islands is a pelican between two sisal plants representing connection to the rope industry.
    Nahum Shereshevsky, 31 May 1997

    The circular badge on the first flag was introduced sometime before 1904. The arms were granted 28 September 1965 and the shield from the arms replaced the circular badge on the flag in 1968.
    David Prothero, 30 July 1997