Last modified: 2002-10-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: president | crescent (white) | star (white) | stars: 16 (yellow) | stars: 16 points (yellow) |
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by Pascal Vagnat
Click on flag to see a larger image.
The flag is made of a square red field with a white crescent, a white five-pointed star and a yellow sixteen-pointed star (8 big and 8 little points) surrounded by 16 yellow little five-pointed stars, each with a point towards the centre of the sixteen-pointed star.
Pascal Vagnat, 28 March 1999
The big star represenys the Republic of Turkey. The sixteen stars around the big star represent the sixteen "Great Turkish Empires"
The Turkish name of the Presidential Standart is Cumhurbaskanlik Forsu or just Fors.
Source: Website of the Turkish Presidency (in Turkish).
Enver Polat, 21 April 2001
Image from the Turkish Presidency website.
The crescent has to be considered as the mixing of two circles, one overlapping the other. The sixteen-pointed star is constructed with three circles, a small, an intermediate and a big circle. The big points of that star are going from the big circle to the little circle. The small points of that star are going from the intermediate circle to the little circle.
Source: Türk Bayragi Tüzügü, Karar sayisi 85/9034, Kabul Tarihi 25/01/1985 (Resmi Gazete: 17/03/1985- Sayi: 18697). Türk Bayragi tüzügü, Birinci Bölüm: Kapsam ve deyimler; Birinci Bölüm: Bayragin kumas standartlari ve diregi. [Regulation about the Turkish flag. Nr 85/9034, date: 25/01/1985 (Official gazette17/03/1985 nr18697). Regulation about the Turkish flag., Chapter I: Index and glossary; Chapter II: Standards for fabrics and masts.]
Pascal Vagnat, 28 March 1999
In the book by Fevzi Kurtoglu [kur92], the inner part of the symbol is definitely not a star. Another thought, could it be that each president has somewhat different symbol in the flag, something of the sort of the French presidential standards? Just a thought!
Zeljko Heimer, 29 March 1999
I have also that book. It is the third edition, the first one was edited in 1987. The author wasn't maybe aware of the official construction of the presidential flag, or maybe he didn't want to change the picture. Anyway, I cannot say definitively that there is ONE and unique picture of the flag, especially before the law I mentionned. That law gives the official way to construct the flag, but before that there wasn't any official one. I think, it didn't really matter how the canton of that flag looked like, it was just important to have a big stars of ca 16 points surrounded by 16 small five-pointed stars. The general description of the flag was given, but the construction of the flag was never official, so that every presidential flag manufacturer was free to make the canton he wanted, on the basis I told above. But that is just an hypothesis.
Pascal Vagnat, 29 March 1999
by "Yosef Obskura" and Zeljko Heimer
These are three variations of the emblem from:
It seems that the flowerlike rays as in I. and II. were much
prefered before the exact definition was made Talocci gives an
"arabesque" that I have not seen before (though, I can't say I have
seen many Turkish presidential flags).
Anyway, the designs in I. and II. remind me very much to the rayed emblems used by the Ottoman Sultans (and, by the way, in old Afghani flags). Possibly (but this is just a though rised from the above mentioned association) the star was (re)defined intentionally not to resemble the "Sultanic connection". Then, again, why would this bother Turks almost 70 years after the end of the Sultanate?
Zeljko Heimer, 1 April 1999