This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Turkey: Flag of the President of the Republic

Last modified: 2002-10-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: president | crescent (white) | star (white) | stars: 16 (yellow) | stars: 16 points (yellow) |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors

President's flagby Pascal Vagnat

Click on flag to see a larger image.

See also:

Description of the flag

The flag is made of a square red field with a white crescent, a white five-pointed star and a yellow sixteen-pointed star (8 big and 8 little points) surrounded by 16 yellow little five-pointed stars, each with a point towards the centre of the sixteen-pointed star.

Pascal Vagnat, 28 March 1999

Meaning of the flag

The big star represenys the Republic of Turkey. The sixteen stars around the big star represent the sixteen "Great Turkish Empires"

The Turkish name of the Presidential Standart is Cumhurbaskanlik Forsu or just Fors.

Source: Website of the Turkish Presidency (in Turkish).

Enver Polat, 21 April 2001

Construction sheet for the flag

[Construction sheet]

Image from the Turkish Presidency website.

The crescent has to be considered as the mixing of two circles, one overlapping the other. The sixteen-pointed star is constructed with three circles, a small, an intermediate and a big circle. The big points of that star are going from the big circle to the little circle. The small points of that star are going from the intermediate circle to the little circle.

  • G= width of the flag
  • A= width between the right side of the white stripe and the left side of the crescent (big circle) ; A=G/5.6
  • B= diameter of the big circle of the crescent ; B=G/2.1875
  • C= width between the centre of the big circle and the centre of the small circle of the crescent ; C= G x 0.064283
  • D= diameter of the small circle of the crescent ; D = G/2.8
  • E= width between the left side of the small circle of the crescent and the imaginary line between the two points of the crescent (the left side of the white star is on that line) ; E=G/3.301
  • F= diameter of the circle in which the white star is inscribed ; F= G/4.375
  • P= width of the white stripe at the hoist ; P=G/30
  • H= width between the right side of the white stripe and the centre of the sixteen-pointed star ; H=G/5.833
  • I= width between the top of the flag and the centre of the sixteen-pointed star ; I=G/5.833
  • J= diameter of the small circle of the sixteen-pointed star ; J=G/14
  • K= diameter of the intermediate circle of the sixteen-pointed star ; K=G/8.75
  • L= diameter of the big circle of the sixteen-pointed star ; L=G/7
  • M= diameter of the imaginary circle on which are the sixteen stars around the sixteen-pointed star ; M=G/4.375
  • N= diameter of the circle in which is inscribed one of the sixteen star ; N=G/35.

Source: Türk Bayragi Tüzügü, Karar sayisi 85/9034, Kabul Tarihi 25/01/1985 (Resmi Gazete: 17/03/1985- Sayi: 18697). Türk Bayragi tüzügü, Birinci Bölüm: Kapsam ve deyimler; Birinci Bölüm: Bayragin kumas standartlari ve diregi. [Regulation about the Turkish flag. Nr 85/9034, date: 25/01/1985 (Official gazette17/03/1985 nr18697). Regulation about the Turkish flag., Chapter I: Index and glossary; Chapter II: Standards for fabrics and masts.]

Pascal Vagnat, 28 March 1999

Alternative versions shown in flagbooks

In the book by Fevzi Kurtoglu [kur92], the inner part of the symbol is definitely not a star. Another thought, could it be that each president has somewhat different symbol in the flag, something of the sort of the French presidential standards? Just a thought!

Zeljko Heimer, 29 March 1999

I have also that book. It is the third edition, the first one was edited in 1987. The author wasn't maybe aware of the official construction of the presidential flag, or maybe he didn't want to change the picture. Anyway, I cannot say definitively that there is ONE and unique picture of the flag, especially before the law I mentionned. That law gives the official way to construct the flag, but before that there wasn't any official one. I think, it didn't really matter how the canton of that flag looked like, it was just important to have a big stars of ca 16 points surrounded by 16 small five-pointed stars. The general description of the flag was given, but the construction of the flag was never official, so that every presidential flag manufacturer was free to make the canton he wanted, on the basis I told above. But that is just an hypothesis.

Pascal Vagnat, 29 March 1999

Variants of the emblemby "Yosef Obskura" and Zeljko Heimer

These are three variations of the emblem from:

  • I. Kannik (1962) [kan62], page 66.
  • II. Pedersen (1971) [ped71], page 57.
  • III. Talocci (1977) [tal77], page 63.

It seems that the flowerlike rays as in I. and II. were much prefered before the exact definition was made Talocci gives an "arabesque" that I have not seen before (though, I can't say I have seen many Turkish presidential flags).
Anyway, the designs in I. and II. remind me very much to the rayed emblems used by the Ottoman Sultans (and, by the way, in old Afghani flags). Possibly (but this is just a though rised from the above mentioned association) the star was (re)defined intentionally not to resemble the "Sultanic connection". Then, again, why would this bother Turks almost 70 years after the end of the Sultanate?

Zeljko Heimer, 1 April 1999

CHANNELS :: Compare Country infoCountry guide & StudyFlagsMapsSightseeingTravel WarningsHotel Directory DESTINATIONS :: AsiaAfricaCaribbean Middle EastNorth AmericaSouth AmericaCentral AmericaOceania PacificEuropePolar Regions UTILITIES :: WeatherWorld TimeISD CodesTravel Links Link Exchange
DestinationsMonuments WONDERS :: AncientModernNatural | Privacy Policy