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Flags of the Turkish Empires (Part 1)

Last modified: 2002-07-20 by ivan sache
Keywords: stars: 3 (yellow) | crescent (red) | eagle (yellow) | dragon (yellow) | crescent (grey) | peacock | hun | avar | golden horde |
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Introduction

The "Sixteen Great Turkish Empires" seem to be an important element of the official iconography in Turkey. They are refered as the explanation of the sixteen small stars shown on the Turkish President's flag. The website of the Turkish Presidency shows the flags attributed to the sixteen Empires. These flags are also shown on a series of postzage stamp released by the Turkish Postal administration.

Ivan Sache, 7 July 2002


Empire of theWhite Huns (Ak Hun Imparatorlugu)

[Flag of White Huns]by Ivan Sache

White field with three yellow stars placed vertically in upper hoist.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

White Huns (a.k.a. Hephthalites, Ephthalites, Hayathelites, Ye-tai, Huna), originating from the Altai Mountains, occupied in the 5th century AD Western Turkestan and disappeared in the second half of the 7th century.

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001


Golden Horde (Altinordu Develeti)

[Flag of Golden Horde]by Ivan Sache

White field with a red crescent pointing upwards, placed above a grey disk charged with a black symbol.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

The Golden Horde, the Mongol Khanate in Russia, was established in the mid-13th century and lasted till the 15th century.

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001


Empire of the Avars (Avar Imparatorlugu)

[Avars]by Ivan Sache

Green field with a black rider shooting with a bow backwards.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

Nomadic Turkish or Mongol people which,in the late 6th century AD invaded the plain of Hungary and set up a powerful kingdom, even besieging Constantinople. They declining in the 8th century, until defeated by Charlemagne end 8th century. There are still Avar people living in Daghestan.

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001


Empire of the European Huns (Avrupa Hun Imparatorlugu)

[Empire of the European Huns]by Ivan Sache

White field with a golden bird (eagle?), with spread wings and a crown.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

Attila the Hun's Empire, which caused the Great Migration in Europe, and ended with Attila's death in 453 AD.

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001


Babur's Empire (Babur Imparatorlugu)

[Babur's Empire]by Ivan Sache

Red field with a yellow triangle placed all along the fly and pointing to the middle of the hoist.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

Babur descended from the Timurids in Fergana, was expelled from there by the Shaibanids and fled to India, which he conquered. He founded the Moghal (or Mohgul) dynasty, which ruled from 1526 to1857.

Jarig Bakker& Thomas Robinson, 23 April 2001


Empire of the Southern Huns (Bati Hun Imparatorlugu)

[Empire of the Southern Huns]by Ivan Sache

Plain yellow-orange flag.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

The Empire of Southern (Hiung-Nu) Huns lasted from 48 to 304 AD. The ruler had the title of Shan-Yu. This state was under Chinese overlordship. One of the leaders founded the short-lived Earlier Chao state, one of the 16 kingdoms, in Shansi. (304-329).

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001


Empire of the Grand Huns (Buyuk Hun Imparatorlugu)

[Empire of the Grand Huns]by Ivan Sache

Orange-yellow flag with a yellow dragon.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

Empire of the Hsiung-nu, as the Chinese called them, c. 200 BC - 500 AD, in North and Northwest China and present day Mongolia.

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001


Ghaznavids (Gazneliler)

[Ghaznavids]by Ivan Sache

Green flag with a grey crescent in canton and a peacock.

Ivan Sache, 28 April 2001

The Empire of the Ghaznavids, founded by Mahmud of Ghazni (ruled 998-1030), had its center in Ghazni, Afghanistan.

Jarig Bakker, 23 April 2001

Go to part 2





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