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Kanjiza (Municipality, Serbia and Montenegro [Serbia])
Last modified: 2003-07-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: kanjiza | kanisza | magyarkanisza | cross: saltire (blue) |
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History of Kanjiza
Kanjiza (Hungarian, Kanizsa or Magyarkanizsa) is a
town and district in Vojvodina, close to
the Hungarian border. The town has got 11.551
inhabitants, 89% of them being Hungarians (1990 census).
- 1093: First mention of the settlement, although the area has
been inhabited since the Bronze Age.
- 1241+1242: Destruction by the Mongols.
- 1335: Mentionned as Villa Kanisa.
- 1526-1686: After the battle of Mohacs, destruction by the
Ottomans and Ottoman rule.
- 1699: Reallocated to Hungary by the treaty of Karlowitz.
Resettled with Serbians border-guard soldiers.
- 1751. Incorporated to Bacs-Bodrog country.
- 1848-1849: Conflicts between Hungarians and Serbians.
- 1850-1861: After the defeat of the
Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849),
allocated to a new province (Governorate of Temes and Serbian
- 1908: Town.
The 1910 population census yielded 17.018 inhabitants, divided as
- Census by mother language:
- Hungarian: 16.655 (97,9%)
- Serbian: 329 (1,9%)
- Others: 425 (1,4%)
- Census by religion:
- Roman Catholic: 16.277 (95,6%)
- Greek Orthodox: 378 (2,2%)
- Jewish: 266 (1,6%)
- Others: 97 (0,6%)
In 1918, the city was under Serbian occupation. From 1920 (Treaty
of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to
Yugoslavia as Stara Kanjiza. In
1941-1944, the area was occupied and annexed by Hungary. The Treaty
of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.
István Molnár, 11 December 2000
Status of the municipality concerning the flag
- The community shamm have a coat of arms and flag as its own
- The coat of arms of the municipality is: In a white field a
border guard - peasant, holding in his right hand a sword, in his
left hand a coulter; above the shield a silver crown.
- The exact description of the coat of arms shall appear in a
new decree about the symbols.
- The flag of the village shall be white with diagonal blue
stripes. The ratio of the flag shall be 1:2. In the upper side,
which is near the flagstaff , there shall be the coat of arms. Its
size shall be 1/5 of the length of the flag.
- The state and municipality symbols shall be displayed in the
official rooms of the municipality only.
- The change of the designs of the symbols of the municipality
is subjected to the approvement of the Ministry of State
Administration and Local Governments of the Republic of Serbia.
Source: Municipal website (in
István Molnár, 24 September 2002
Flag of Kanjiza (Kanizsa, Magyarkanizsa)
in Austro-Hungarian Empire
by Istvan Molnar
Blue saltire on white.
Source: Szell, S. Varosaink neve, cimere es