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Kanjiza (Municipality, Serbia and Montenegro [Serbia])

Kanisza, Magyarkanisza

Last modified: 2003-07-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: kanjiza | kanisza | magyarkanisza | cross: saltire (blue) |
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[Flag of Kanjiza]by István Molnár

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History of Kanjiza

Kanjiza (Hungarian, Kanizsa or Magyarkanizsa) is a town and district in Vojvodina, close to the Hungarian border. The town has got 11.551 inhabitants, 89% of them being Hungarians (1990 census).

  • 1093: First mention of the settlement, although the area has been inhabited since the Bronze Age.
  • 1241+1242: Destruction by the Mongols.
  • 1335: Mentionned as Villa Kanisa.
  • 1526-1686: After the battle of Mohacs, destruction by the Ottomans and Ottoman rule.
  • 1699: Reallocated to Hungary by the treaty of Karlowitz. Resettled with Serbians border-guard soldiers.
  • 1751. Incorporated to Bacs-Bodrog country.
  • 1848-1849: Conflicts between Hungarians and Serbians.
  • 1850-1861: After the defeat of the Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849), allocated to a new province (Governorate of Temes and Serbian Vojvodina).
  • 1908: Town.

The 1910 population census yielded 17.018 inhabitants, divided as follows:

  • Census by mother language:
    • Hungarian: 16.655 (97,9%)
    • Serbian: 329 (1,9%)
    • Others: 425 (1,4%)
  • Census by religion:
    • Roman Catholic: 16.277 (95,6%)
    • Greek Orthodox: 378 (2,2%)
    • Jewish: 266 (1,6%)
    • Others: 97 (0,6%)

In 1918, the city was under Serbian occupation. From 1920 (Treaty of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to Yugoslavia as Stara Kanjiza. In 1941-1944, the area was occupied and annexed by Hungary. The Treaty of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.

István Molnár, 11 December 2000

Status of the municipality concerning the flag

Article 9

  • The community shamm have a coat of arms and flag as its own symbols.
  • The coat of arms of the municipality is: In a white field a border guard - peasant, holding in his right hand a sword, in his left hand a coulter; above the shield a silver crown.
  • The exact description of the coat of arms shall appear in a new decree about the symbols.
  • The flag of the village shall be white with diagonal blue stripes. The ratio of the flag shall be 1:2. In the upper side, which is near the flagstaff , there shall be the coat of arms. Its size shall be 1/5 of the length of the flag.
  • The state and municipality symbols shall be displayed in the official rooms of the municipality only.
  • The change of the designs of the symbols of the municipality is subjected to the approvement of the Ministry of State Administration and Local Governments of the Republic of Serbia.

Source: Municipal website (in Hungarian or in Serbian)

István Molnár, 24 September 2002

Flag of Kanjiza (Kanizsa, Magyarkanizsa) in Austro-Hungarian Empire

[Kanjiza in Austro-Hungarian Empire]by Istvan Molnar

Blue saltire on white.

Source: Szell, S. Varosaink neve, cimere es loboguja, 1941