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KwaZulu/Natal (South Africa)

Last modified: 2002-05-31 by jarig bakker
Keywords: south africa | kwazulu-natal | zulu | natal | zulu king |
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KwaZulu/Natal flag

Up to September 1995 none of the 9 new South African provinces have adopted their own flags although one or two have proposals in this regard. There is currently a debate in this country as to wether the provinces should have their own flags or not with the ANC holding the view that the provinces should not have individual flags.
Bruce Berry September 1995

There are discussions for a flag for the new province of KwaZulu-Natal. A provincial constitution has been tabled before the Constitutional Court but has been referred back for further amendment. This is the most critical issue and the question of a provincial flag (or Arms) has not received much attention over the past 18 months.
Bruce Berry, 19 February 1998

The South African government page on state symbols (which is mirrored on the ANC-site) lists under "current flags" the KwaZulu/Natal Flag; that flag is nearly identical to the one here. That flag is of the former homeland KwaZulu, which ceased to exist on 27 April 1994. It seems to me that the flag is in use (perhaps inofficially) as the KwaZulu/Natal flag.
Jarig Bakker, April 13, 2001

There is still no new provincial flag, or Arms, for KwaZulu-Natal.  All the other provinces in South Africa have adopted new provincial arms and only one, Mpumalanga, has a provincial flag.  The old KwaZulu homeland flag is not used, even unofficially.
Bruce Berry, 18 Apr 2001

Natal (now KwaZulu-Natal) is the only province of South Africa that formally used the designations "corporation" and "borough" for its local governments.
Mike Oettle, 8 Dec 2001


KwaZulu/Natal

In southeast South Africa, reorganized from the former Natal province minus local parts of Transkei. Borders Eastern Cape (with exclave), Free State, Mpumalanga, Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho.
Includes the former homeland of KwaZulu.
Antonio Martins, 30 May 1999

Durban CoA

[Durban CoA] image adapted from Ralf Hartemink's site.

The original Durban was founded in 1835 by Captain Allen Gardiner, who named the settlement after the Governor of the Cape, Sir Benjamin D'Urban (1833-1837). The settlement never prospered, and five years later a new town was founded in the, then, Republic of Natalia, which bore the same name. The British occupied the town in 1842 and started to develop the town.

In 1855 the council needed a seal for the new city and opened a competition for its design. The new seal showed an image of the town and the bay, with a five-pointed star. A new seal was needed in 1882 and the design showed the arms of Sir Benjamin D'Urban, quartered with those of Sir Benjamin Pine (Governor of Natal, 1850-55). The arms were poorly drawn with thick lines over the borders and the quarterings. The aloe plant and star were used as crest. The seal was n use until 1936.

In the meanwhile the stationary of the council showed the same arms since 1912. To the arms on the seal a motto was added, Debile principium melion fortuna sequetur, or Better fortune follows a difficult beginning. In 1913 the helmet and mantling were added. In 1936 these new arms were also cut into the new seal of the city.

Even though the arms are widely used, they are never granted by the College of Arms. The city has applied to grant these arms, but the arms were refused by the College. The main reason is that the position of the two arms indicate a marriage between the two families, which obviously is not the case for Durban.
Secondly, during the decades there has been some debate whether the D'Urban arms were actually the correct arms. This matter has not been resolved, but the city never ateempted to change the arms.
Source: Ralf Hartemink's site.
Jarig Bakker, 25 Nov 2001

I'm intersted in quarters 2,3.  I learned that the arms show the arms of Sir Benjamin D'Urban quartered with those of Sir Benjamin Pine. I take it that the leopards heads are the arms of Sir Benjamin Pine? Are they indeed leopards heads? Do you know the official blazon? I searched the Net on both the D'Urban arms and the Pine arms but didn't find anything.
Nahum Shereshevsky, 25 Nov 2001


Flag of Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini

[Flag of Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini] by Jens Pattke, 20 Feb 2001

this ensign is not the flag of the Province KwaZulu-Natal. Here is a South African description of the flag of King Goodwill Zwelithini.

Author: Theo Stylianides and Bruce Berry

A new flag for King Goodwill Zwelithini Kabhekuzulu, the Zulu monarch, was unveiled on 21 December 1999 in Verulam, KwaZulu-Natal. The flag comprises seven horizontal stripes of black, yellow, red, green, white, blue, and maroon with the royal arms in the centre. The colour symbolize social development factors with black representing the soil, yellow wealth, red defence, green vegetation, white purity and peace, blue religion and maroon royalty.
The blazon of the Royal Arms is described as: Arms: Argent, in pale the sceptre of the King between four huts, over all in
base a representation of the Royal Hut, proper. Supporters: On a ground sable, two lions Or, armed Argent and langued sable.
Motto: Ilembe Leqa Amanye Ngoku Khalipha (Together we shall surmount - an allusion to the motto on the former South African arms, Unity is Strength).
These arms were registered with the Bureau of Heraldry under Certificate number 757 issued on 02 June 1975. The arrns were registered without the Royal Crown that is now placed above the Arms on the flag.
The silver (white) shield is derived from the colour ox?hide of the royal herd and the sceptre of "Inhlendla” is the symbol of the King's authority. The Royal Hut never stands alone and the King is the "Lion of the Zulu”, hence the choice of supporters.
The new royal flag will be flown at all royal households, on all official royal vehicles and on other buildings conducting royal business.
Source: SAVA-News 27/2000 ; South African Vexillological Association ; Page 5
Jens Pattke, 20 Feb 2001

In one television reports I saw the use of the flag of King Goodwill Zwelithini. It is the symbol of the kingdom of the Zulu people. Does one hoist itself also on level of the province KwaZulu-Natal?
Jens Pattke, 18 April 2001

The flag of King Goodwill Zwelithini is a personal royal standard and is flown at all royal households, on official royal vehicles and on other buildings conducting royal business.
Bruce Berry, 18 Apr 2001


The Zulu People

In a TV reportage there was a group of Zulu; they waved their symbol: a black and white shield. It has the same shape of the shield in KwaZulu's flag (KwaZulu was another homeland in South Africa) and it looked like the Emasotsha's shield in Swaziland's flag.
Giuseppe Bottasini

Is there, or was there at a time a flag for the Zulu people?
Philippe Bondurand, 19 Feb 1998

Prior to colonialism the Zulu tribal shields were the main form of symbolic identity. Once subjugated, the flags of Britain, the Boers and finally those of the Union (and later Republic) of South Africa flew over Zululand. As part of the apartheid policy of creating ethnically based Homelands, the KwaZulu homeland was created on 11 March 1970. A KwaZulu flag was adopted on 31 August 1977 and later changed on 14 January 1985. These flags are illustrated on Mark Sensen's Flags of the 19th and 20th Centuries homepage. The KwaZulu flag ceased to be official on the eve of the inauguration of Nelson Mandela and the creation of a united South Africa on 26 April 1994.
Bruce Berry, 19 Feb 1998


Local Flagdescriptions

Kloof borough: granted 18 Apr 1975
Description: On a rectangular flag Azure,  a  leopard  passant proper.

Natal Anti-Shark Measures Board: granted 17 Oct 1986
Description: A rectangular flag, porportion three by two, the hoist third white, charged in the canton with two black wildebeest in pale in full course, the fly blue, charged with a stylised Zambezi shark affronte in white outline.

Colenso Borough: granted 26 Feb 1990
Description: A regtangular flag, proportion 3:2, consisting of a black hoist panel 1/5 the length of the flag and a yellow charged with a blue fess wavy, thereupon another of white.
Source: Data of the Bureau of Heraldry on registered heraldic representations.
Mark Sensen, 19 May 2002






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