Last modified: 2001-12-21 by jarig bakker
Keywords: south africa | natal |
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On your page for Natal Province there is a link to Transkei. It's not
clear to me why there is such a link, although they were neighbours, since
no part of Transkei (the "independent" Bantustan) was incorporated into
Natal (or KwaZulu-Natal).
One part of the former Transkeian Territories was incorporated into Natal.
Griqualand East was included in the Transkeian Territories General Council (known as the Bunga) under the name of Emboland, but later reverted to a status distinct from Transkei. Although the high-lying areas of Griqualand East (in the Matatiele district) had a largely black population (speaking Xhosa and some Sotho), the Kokstad district and parts of Matatiele had a population of Griqua origin with many white land-owners.
For this reason Griqualand East was not included in the National Party's plans for an independent Transkei, and when that state took its "independence" in 1976, Griqualand East was an exclave of the Cape Province.
Although the Constitution required the central government to consult with provinces over boundary changes, Pretoria arbitrarily allocated Griqualand East to Natal. Since it had been a Natalian dream since the 19th century to incorporate the territory, that province accepted the change with alacrity. The municipalities of Kokstad and Matatiele became Natal boroughs, while the Griqualand East Divisional Council became a local office of the Natal Provincial Administration.
A consequence of the incorporation of Griqualand East was that the Umzimkulu district of Transkei became an exclave in Natal. However, the inhabitants were loyal to Transkei (or at any rate to a Xhosa-speaking connection as opposed to a Zulu-speaking one), and refused to consider incorporation into KwaZulu.
When boundaries for the provinces were re-examined in 1993-94, the Boundary Commission recommended the return of Griqualand East to the new Eastern Cape Province. However, KwaZulu-Natal resisted this and remains in possession, despite attempts by the Eastern Cape administration to set up regional offices in Kokstad.
Mike Oettle, 16 Dec 2001