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South America Political Geography

Browse through the encyclopedia resource and access complete information on South American countries along with their cities.







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South America is the fourth largest continent in area.
South America is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the northwest and north, the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast, east, and southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. In the northwest it is joined to North America by the Isthmus of Panama, which forms a land bridge narrowing to about 50 miles (80 kilometres) at one point. Drake Passage, south of Cape Horn, separates South America from Antarctica. The continent is divided into 12 independent countries and 2 other political units.

Continent Size:

17,819,000 sq km -- 6,879,000 sq miles

Land Coverage:

12 % of total land

Population:

339,000,000 approx.

Countries :

  Argentina
  Bolivia
  Brazil
  Chile
  Colombia
  Ecuador
  Falkland Islands /Islas Malvinas
  French Guiana
  Guyana
  Paraguay
  Peru
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  Suriname
  Uruguay
  Venezuela






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