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Senta (Municipality,Yugoslavia [Serbia])

Last modified: 2001-11-03 by ivan sache
Keywords: senta | zenta | key (yellow) | fish (white) |
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History of Senta

Senta (Hungarian, Zenta) is a town and district in Vojvodina, close to the Hungarian border. The town has got 22.819 inhabitants, 79% of them being Hungarians (1990 census).

  • 1216: Prosperous town, as Szintarev.
  • 1246: Part of the Csanad county in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  • 1506: After a war with the neighbouring city of Szeged (1475), Free Royal City.
  • 1526: After the battle of Mohacs, destruction by the Ottomans.
  • XVIth century: Building of a Turkish fort and a Serbian village. Ottoman rule.
  • 1697 (27 September); Battle of Zenta. Eugene of Savoy defeated the Ottoman army.
  • 1699: Reallocated to Hungary by the treaty of Karlowitz.
  • 1751. Most Serbians settlers moved to Ukraine
  • 1785: Ukrainian Cossacks migrated to Senta.
  • 1850-1861: After the defeat of the Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849), allocated to a new province (Governorate of Temes and Serbian Vojvodina).
  • 1910: Town in Bacs-Bodrog County of the Kingdom of Hungary.

The 1910 population census yielded 29.666 inhabitants, divided as follows:

  • Census by mother language:
    • Hungarian: 27.221 (91,8%)
    • Serbian: 2.020 (6,8%)
    • Others: 425 (1,4%)
  • Census by religion:
    • Roman Catholic: 26.023 (87,7%)
    • Greek Orthodox: 2.076 (7,0%)
    • Jewish: 1.328 (4,5%)
    • Others: 239 (0,8%)

In 1918, the city was under Serbian occupation. From 1920 (Treaty of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to Yugoslavia. In 1941-1944, the area was occupied and annexed by Hungary. The Treaty of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.

Istvan Molnar, 10 December 2000

Flag of Senta (Zenta) in Austro-Hungarian Empire

[Senta in Austrian-Hungarian Empire]by António Martins

Blue background with two yellow keys crossed saltirewise and pointing upwards (ascending bellow descending) put on an ear of wheat, from the handle hole of each key, a fish swimming thru.

Source: Szell, S. Varosaink neve, cimere es loboguja, 1941

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