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Sombor (Municipality,Yugoslavia [Serbia])

Last modified: 2001-11-03 by ivan sache
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History of Sombor

Sombor (Hungarian, Zombor; German, Sombor) is a town and district in Vojvodina near to the Danube. The town has got 48.789 inhabitants (1990 census).

  • 13th century-1541: Part of Bodrog County of the Kingdom of Hungary as Coborszentmihaly.
  • 1541 -1687: District seat in the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1699: Reallocated Sombor to Hungary by the treaty of Karlowitz.
  • 1702-1745: Part of the Military Frontier Lands.
  • 1745-1749: Part of the Bacs-Bodrog County, then (1749) Free Royal City.
  • 1848-1861: Part of the Serbian Vojvodina and Banat of Temesch.
  • 1884-1918: Capital of Bacs-Bodrog County.

The 1910 population census yielded 30.593 inhabitants, divided as follows:

  • Census by mother language:
    • Serbian: 11.881 (38,8%)
    • Hungarian: 10.078 (32,9%)
    • Bunjevat*: 6.093 (19,9%)
    • German: 2.181 (7,1%)
    • Others 360: (1,2%)
  • Census by religion:
    • Roman Catholic: 16.796 (54,9%)
    • Greek Orthodox: 11.880 (38,8%)
    • Jewish: 1.017 (3,3%)
    • Others: 900 (2,9%)

From 1918/1920 (Declaration of Novi Sad /Treaty of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to Yugoslavia. In 1941, the area was occupied and annexed by Hungary. The Treaty of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.

Istvan Molnar, 8 October 2000

*Bunjevat is the name used by Croats living in Vojvodina for designate themselves (plural form is Bunjevtsi). In various times the separate name of this community was used by others to promote their difference from Croat nation, and probably there are some circles among them who would follow some similar way. As far as I am aware, the definition of the Bunjevtsi as Croats is widely accepted today.

Zeljko Heimer, 12 December 2000

Flag of Sombor (Zombor) in Austro-Hungarian Empire

[Flag of Sombor, 1941-1947]by Istvan Molnar

Six red and white horizontal stripes.

Source: Szell, S. Varosaink neve, cimere es loboguja, 1941

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