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Subotica (Municipality,Yugoslavia [Serbia])
Last modified: 2002-10-12 by ivan sache
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History of Subotica
Subotica (Hungarian, Szabadka ; German,
Maria-Theresianstadt ) is a town and district in
Vojvodina, close to the
Hungarian border. The town has got 100.219
inhabitants (1990 census).
- 1241-1242: Foundation of the sttlement by king Bela IV after
- 1391: First mention of the city, as Zabotka, part of
the Bodrog county in the Kingdom of
- 1527-1542: After the battle of Mohacs, ruled by Nenad
Cernoevic's peasant army.
- 1543-1686: Part of the Ottoman
Empire, in the Buda vilayet.
- 1699: Reallocated to Hungary by the treaty of Karlowatz.
- 1743: Free Town, as Szent-Maria.
- 1779: Free Royal City. as Maria-Theresiopolis.
- 1845. Officially renamed Szabadka.
- 1848-1861: After the defeat of the
Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849),
allocated to a new province (Governorate of Temes and Serbian
The 1910 population census yielded 94.610 inhabitants, divided as
- Census by mother language:
- Hungarian: 55.587 (58,8%)
- Bunjevat: 33.247 (35,1%)
- Serbian: 3.514 (3,7%)
- German: 1.913 (2,0%)
- Others: 100 (0.4%)
- Census by religion:
- Roman Catholic: 85.445 (90,3%)
- Jewish: 3.539 (3,8%)
- Greek Orthodox: 3.486 (3,7%)
- Calvinist: 1.420 (1,5%)
- Others: 720 (0,8%)
In 1918, the city was under Serbian occupation. From 1920 (Treaty
of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to
Yugoslavia. In 1941-1944, the area was
occupied and annexed by Hungary. The Treaty of Paris reallocated it
to Yugoslavia in 1947.
The city is the birthplace of the Hungarian writer, poet and
journalist Dezso Kosztolanyi (1885-1936).
Istvan Molnar, 10 December 2000
Flag of Subotica (Szabadka) in
by Istvan Molnar
Source: Szell, S. Varosaink neve, cimere es