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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Barbados

Barbados Geography and Facts

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates: 13 10 N, 59 32 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

total: 430 sq km
land: 430 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 97 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m

Natural resources: petroleum, fish, natural gas

Land use:
arable land: 37%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 5%
forests and woodland: 12%
other: 46% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Natural hazards: infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides

Environment - current issues: pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity

Geography - note: easternmost Caribbean island

Barbados is the most eastern island in the Caribbean island chain. This pear-shaped island has a high density rate for its population of around 260,000 in an area of only 430 square kilometres. It is one of the few coral-capped islands in the region. Although it is relatively flat compared to its volcanic neighbors, its mixture of bustling towns and gentle, laid-back countryside surroundings well make up for it.

The average annual temperature is about 26º C. The tropical climate is suitable for sun-lovers and watersports enthusiasts as it is not unbearably hot although it is bright and sunny. A hurricane may strike the island anytime between June and October.

Barbados is an island country in the Caribbean Sea. It is the most easterly of all the West Indian territories.

It lies 70 kilometres east of St. Vincent, its closest neighbour, and 430 kilometres northwest of Venezuela.

Its capital, Bridgetown, a city of 5,000 people and the island's only seaport, is located on the southwestern section

The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Its economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century.

In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.

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