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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Brunei


Brunei Geography and Facts

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

Geographic coordinates: 4 30 N, 114 40 E

Map references: Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 5,770 sq km
land: 5,270 sq km
water: 500 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

Land boundaries:
total: 381 km
border countries: Malaysia 381 km

Coastline: 161 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy

Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber

Land use:
arable land: 1%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 85%
other: 12% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very rare

Environment - current issues: seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia


Geography
Brunei is made up of two distinguishable sections, an estimated of 30km (19 miles) apart. Both areas are bordered by the South China Sea to the north, and by the Malaysian province of Sarawak all around the other sides.

The Eastern Brunei consists of a coastal plain rising to a height of 1841m (6038ft) at Bukit Pagon while Western Brunei is composed of hilly lowlands.

A majority of Brunei is still covered by dense jungle. Only 15% of the country is cultivated, resulting in Brunei having to import 80% of its food requirements.


Climate
Brunei does not have significant wet and dry seasons. Rainfall occurs throughout the year; heaviest between September and January. Temperatures are consistently between 24C (75F) and 31C (88F) with an average humidity of 79%.

These features contribute to making Brunei a pretty warm and sticky place to stay in.


Brunei is a small country in Southeast Asia. It lies on the north coast of the island of Borneo. The people of Brunei enjoy a high standard of living, mainly because of the country's valuable offshore petroleum deposits.

          Brunei covers 5,765 square kilometres and has a population of 299,000. Its official name is Brunei Darussalam, which means Brunei, Abode of Peace. Bandar Seri Begawan is its capital and largest city.

Although greatly reduced in size since its heyday of the 16th century, the Sultanate of Brunei sits atop extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in the less developed countries.



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