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  • 1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Suriname


    Suriname Geography and Facts

    Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

    Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 56 00 W

    Map references: South America

    Area:
    total: 163,270 sq km
    land: 161,470 sq km
    water: 1,800 sq km

    Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,707 km
    border countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

    Coastline: 386 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

    Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
    highest point: Wilhelmina Gebergte 1,286 m

    Natural resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 96%
    other: 4% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 600 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment - current issues: deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography - note: mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, most of which lives along the coast


    Background:

    Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to rule through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally brought about a democratic election.



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