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Burkina Faso Geography

Burkina Faso    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana
Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 2 00 W
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  274,200 sq km

land:  273,800 sq km

water:  400 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than Colorado
Land boundaries: total:  3,192 km

border countries:  Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 548 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m

highest point:  Tena Kourou 749 m
Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver
Land use: arable land:  13%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  22%

forests and woodland:  50%

other:  15% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 200 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: recurring droughts
Environment - current issues: recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
Geography - note: landlocked


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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