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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Egypt Geography, Climate, and Weather

Egypt's land area is approximately 1,001,450 sq km in northeastern Africa. To the north of Egypt is the Mediterranean while Sudan is to the south of its border. Libya shares its western border while the Red Sea and Israel shares its eastern border.

Egypt is mainly a desert country, with the River Nile dividing the country unevenly in two, and the Suez Canal together with the Sinai Peninsula provide a third division. The landscape is mainly made up of flat desert, without any vegetation apart from the few oases that have survived in the Western Desert. Over 90% of the land area is covered by deserts - the Libyan Desert to the west, the Sahara and Nubian Deserts to the south and the Arabian Desert to the east. More than 90% of the population is centered around the River Nile. It is only the Nile valley and the Nile Delta that is both habitable and arable. Narrow strips are also inhabited on the Mediterranean coast and on the African Red Sea coast.

Egypt is mostly hot and dry throughout the year. Milder weather is experienced by places such as Alexandria and the Mediterranean coast whereas the heat in Cairo and other inland areas is unbearable with temperatures rising to as high as 50ēC in some parts of the country. Temperature in the desert is dramatic and can fluctuate up to a difference of 37ēC in a day.

During winter, temperatures can fall to freezing and heavy winter, rain can be expected along the Mediterranean coast. Spring in Egypt is often surrounded by ‘khamsin‘, a predictable hot and bitter wind which brings blinding sand and dust storms. In the desert, the wind can lift sand up to 2 meters from the ground, creating a shifting, billowing layer above the land.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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