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Guinea Bissau Geography

Guinea-Bissau    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
Geographic coordinates: 12 00 N, 15 00 W
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  36,120 sq km

land:  28,000 sq km

water:  8,120 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut
Land boundaries: total:  724 km

border countries:  Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km
Coastline: 350 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m
Natural resources: fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Land use: arable land:  11%

permanent crops:  1%

permanent pastures:  38%

forests and woodland:  38%

other:  12% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 17 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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