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Lesotho Geography

Lesotho    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa
Geographic coordinates: 29 30 S, 28 30 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  30,355 sq km

land:  30,355 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundaries: total:  909 km

border countries:  South Africa 909 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrain: mostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m

highest point:  Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m
Natural resources: water, agricultural and grazing land, some diamonds and other minerals
Land use: arable land:  11%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  66%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  23% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: population pressure forcing settlement in marginal areas results in overgrazing, severe soil erosion, and soil exhaustion; desertification; Highlands Water Project controls, stores, and redirects water to South Africa
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:  Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
Geography - note: landlocked; surrounded by South Africa


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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