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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Libya Geography




Libya    Geography Top of Page
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia
Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 17 00 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  1,759,540 sq km

land:  1,759,540 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than Alaska
Land boundaries: total:  4,383 km

border countries:  Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,150 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km
Coastline: 1,770 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea:  12 NM

note:  Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north
Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m

highest point:  Bikku Bitti 2,267 m
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum
Land use: arable land:  1%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  8%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  91% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 4,700 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms
Environment - current issues: desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Biodiversity, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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