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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Mali Geography

Mali    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Africa, southwest of Algeria
Geographic coordinates: 17 00 N, 4 00 W
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  1.24 million sq km

land:  1.22 million sq km

water:  20,000 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Land boundaries: total:  7,243 km

border countries:  Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February
Terrain: mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Senegal River 23 m

highest point:  Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Natural resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower

note:  bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Land use: arable land:  2%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  25%

forests and woodland:  6%

other:  67% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 780 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban
Geography - note: landlocked


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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