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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Mozambique Geography




Mozambique    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Geographic coordinates: 18 15 S, 35 00 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  801,590 sq km

land:  784,090 sq km

water:  17,500 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California
Land boundaries: total:  4,571 km

border countries:  Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km
Coastline: 2,470 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical to subtropical
Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Monte Binga 2,436 m
Natural resources: coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Land use: arable land:  4%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  56%

forests and woodland:  18%

other:  22% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (2000 est.)
Natural hazards: severe droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones
Environment - current issues: a long civil war and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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