Namibia surface area of 824 268km is situated on the south-western
Atlantic coast of the African sub-continent, bordering on Angola
and Zambia in the north, South Africa in the south and Botswana
in the east.
Namibia has four primary geographic regions. Namibia derived its
name from the Namib Desert, a unique geological feature renowned
for the pristine and haunting quality of its landscape. Namib, which
consists of a long, narrow coastal desert between the Kunene River
and Sandwich Harbour.
Its major portion lies in Namibia, extending from the Kunene River
in the north for some 1600km southwards to the Orange River. There
are a number of features of this coastal desert that makes it quite
unlike any spot on earth.
First and most famously, it is the richest source of diamonds on
the planet, and Namibia is as a result the world's largest diamond
producer. Secondly, the dry and hot Namibian shoreline is situated
right at the point where the icy waters of the Atlantic hit the
continent-Antarctic water meets African desert and the result is
often unbelievable fog.
This highly mysterious coast is now the site of the 19,000 sq. mile
(49,000 sq. km) Namib-Naukluft National Park.
In the north lies the Etosha Pan, this area remains sufficiently
fertile to support great herds of antelope species (including gemsbok,
impala, and springbok), zebra, and most famously, elephants.
Many other species of wildlife abound as well, and the Etosha Pan
is now the center of one of the finest game parks on the African
A high escarpment occupies Namibia's center plain. Windhoek, the
capital and the only city of any size, is located smack dab in the
middle of the country.
In the northern part of the central plain is the Waterberg Plateau,
a 150-sq. mi. (400 sq. km) shelf that rises 150 metres straight
from the surrounding plain. The plateau is well watered and lush,
and is home to several rare and endangered species.
Namibia has a dry climate typical of a semi-desert country where
droughts are a regular occurrence. Usually days are warm and very
hot, while nights are generally cool.
The average day temperature in the summer varies from 20°C to 34°C
and average night temperature during winter is from 0°C to 10°C.
Temperatures in the interior are lower because of the altitude,
while along the coast the cold Benguela Current has a modifying
The Benguela is the prime determinant of the climate of the Namib,
as it reduces rainfall and causes the omnipresent fog typical of
Rain in Namibia usually falls during summer, with a short rainy
season in November and the main rainy season from February to March.