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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Tanzania People




Tanzania    People Top of Page
Population: 36,232,074

note:  estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2001 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years:  44.76% (male 8,152,438; female 8,063,520)

15-64 years:  52.35% (male 9,387,737; female 9,581,518)

65 years and over:  2.89% (male 473,498; female 573,363) (2001 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.61% (2001 est.)
Birth rate: 39.65 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Death rate: 12.95 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth:  1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:  1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years:  0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over:  0.83 male(s)/female

total population:  0.99 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 79.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population:  51.98 years

male:  51.04 years

female:  52.95 years (2001 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.42 children born/woman (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 8.09% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.3 million (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 140,000 (1999 est.)
Nationality: noun:  Tanzanian(s)

adjective:  Tanzanian
Ethnic groups: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
Religions: mainland - Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

note:  Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
Literacy: definition:  age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic

total population:  67.8%

male:  79.4%

female:  56.8% (1995 est.)

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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