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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Tunisia Geography




Tunisia    Geography Top of Page
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  163,610 sq km

land:  155,360 sq km

water:  8,250 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia
Land boundaries: total:  1,424 km

border countries:  Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km
Coastline: 1,148 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Shatt al Gharsah -17 m

highest point:  Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Land use: arable land:  19%

permanent crops:  13%

permanent pastures:  20%

forests and woodland:  4%

other:  44% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 3,850 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note: strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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