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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Bangladesh Geography




Bangladesh    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
Geographic coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E
Map references: Asia
Area: total:  144,000 sq km

land:  133,910 sq km

water:  10,090 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Land boundaries: total:  4,246 km

border countries:  Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km
Coastline: 580 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  18 NM

continental shelf:  up to the outer limits of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Keokradong 1,230 m
Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
Land use: arable land:  73%

permanent crops:  2%

permanent pastures:  5%

forests and woodland:  15%

other:  5% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 31,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season
Environment - current issues: many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally-occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Law of the Sea

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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