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British Indian Ocean Territory Geography

British Indian Ocean Territory    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southern Asia, archipelago in the Indian Ocean, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 71 30 E
Map references: World
Area: total:  60 sq km

land:  60 sq km

water:  0 sq km

note:  includes the entire Chagos Archipelago
Area - comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 698 km
Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  3 NM
Climate: tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds
Terrain: flat and low (most areas do not exceed four meters in elevation)
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m
Natural resources: coconuts, fish, sugarcane
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  NA%

other:  NA%
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: archipelago of 2,300 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is site of joint US-UK military facility


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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