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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Taiwan History and Culture




History
The first settlers were believed to be indigenous people since prehistoric times. In 1517, Portuguese sailors discovered this place and named it Ilha Formosa (Beautiful Island).
Later in 1624, the Dutch were the first to invade this island and remained as colonists. Only in the 15th century did a steady stream of migrants came from Fujian province, triggered by the victory of the Manchus over the Ming dynasty and the Dutch.

Japan took Taiwan from China in 1895 following a dispute over Korea. It was not until the end of WWII in 1945, that it was handed back to China.
Communist forces took control of China in 1949, and the leaders of both Communist mainland China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) claim to be the voice of all China, but had lost the Chinese United Nations seat in 1971.

Culture
Taiwanese culture is very similar to that of China. Taiwanese opera are seen to be the half-sibling of Chinese opera. Health and longevity is also very important for Taiwanese. Many practise taijiquan, slow motion shadow boxing for exercise and as an art form.
However the Taiwanese are very superstitious about death, and they avoid its symbols (white and the number four), and never talk about dying or accidents.


 

Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM








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