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Haiti Geography




Haiti    Geography Top of Page
Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic
Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total:  27,750 sq km

land:  27,560 sq km

water:  190 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundaries: total:  275 km

border countries:  Dominican Republic 275 km
Coastline: 1,771 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

continental shelf:  to depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:  Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Land use: arable land:  20%

permanent crops:  13%

permanent pastures:  18%

forests and woodland:  5%

other:  44% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:  Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban
Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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