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Bosnia & Herzegovina Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina    Introduction Top of Page
Background: Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991, was followed by a referendum for independence from the former Yugoslavia in February 1992. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties signed a peace agreement that brought to a halt the three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Agreement retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a joint multi-ethnic and democratic government. This national government is charged with conducting foreign, economic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government comprised of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are charged with overseeing internal functions. In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission is to deter renewed hostilities. SFOR remains in place at a level of approximately 21,000 troops.


1UpTravel's Guide to Bosnia & Herzegovina

Geography of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Highlights the location, map references, area, land boundaries, climate, natural resources, land use, natural hazards, environment, and geography of Bosnia & Herzegovina

People of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Learn about the population, age structure, birth and death rate, sex ratio, nationality, ethnic groups, religions, languages, and literacy in Bosnia & Herzegovina

Government and Politics in Bosnia & Herzegovina - Profiles the country name, government type, administrative divisions, independence, national holiday, constitution, legal system, suffrage, executive, legislative, and judicial branches, political parties and leaders, and a flag description of Bosnia & Herzegovina.

Economy of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Study the GDP, growth rate, per capita, inflation, labor, budget, industries, exports, imports, currency, exchange rates, and economy of Bosnia & Herzegovina

Communications in Bosnia & Herzegovina - Browse statistics on telephones, mobile and cellular lines in use, radio broadcast stations, televisions, internet country code, ISP's, internet users, and facts on communications in Bosnia & Herzegovina

Transportation in Bosnia & Herzegovina - Offers statistical details on the railways, highways, waterways, ports & harbors, airports, and other facts on transportation in Bosnia & Herzegovina

Military of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Provides statistics on military branches, army, air force, navy, manpower, military service, expenditure, and facts on military in Bosnia & Herzegovina

Transnational Issues of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Explore international disputes and transnational issues of Bosnia & Herzegovina

Maps of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Discover a detailed map of Bosnia & Herzegovina

Map Database of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Browse a large collection of city, country, historical, political, thematic, and shaded relief maps of Bosnia & Herzegovina

Flags of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Uncover the flag images and description of the flag of Bosnia & Herzegovina. Includes historical flags, symbols, and related information

Weather for cities of Bosnia & Herzegovina - Browse weather forecast, hourly conditions, temperature, sunrise, sunset, and other weather related reports for the cities of Bosnia & Herzegovina


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