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Gibraltar Geography

Gibraltar    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain
Geographic coordinates: 36 11 N, 5 22 W
Map references: Europe
Area: total:  6.5 sq km

land:  6.5 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: total:  1.2 km

border countries:  Spain 1.2 km
Coastline: 12 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea:  3 NM
Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point:  Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
Natural resources: NEGL
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: limited natural freshwater resources; large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater
Geography - note: strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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