Situated in the lower part of the Biskupstungur valley
between the rivers Hvita and Bruara, Skalholt is one of
Iceland's places of special historical interest. For seven
centuries it was the scene of the most dramatic events which
shaped the political, spiritual and cultural life in Iceland.
Its early history is traced back to the 11th century when
religious disputes were at their sharpest in Iceland. Within
two centuries of the settlement of Iceland, the first bishopric
was founded at Skαlholt in 1056 for South Iceland, and soon
a second at Hσlar in 1109 for North Iceland.