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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Macedonia Geography

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece
Geographic coordinates: 41 50 N, 22 00 E
Map references: Europe
Area: total:  25,333 sq km

land:  24,856 sq km

water:  477 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than Vermont
Land boundaries: total:  748 km

border countries:  Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228 km, Yugoslavia 221 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
Terrain: mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Vardar River 50 m

highest point:  Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,753 m
Natural resources: chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulfur, timber, arable land
Land use: arable land:  24%

permanent crops:  2%

permanent pastures:  25%

forests and woodland:  39%

other:  10% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 830 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: high seismic risks
Environment - current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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