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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Portugal Geography, Climate, and Weather


Portugal, republic in southwestern Europe, situated in the western portion of the Iberian Peninsula, bounded on the north and east by Spain and on the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean. The Azores (Aηores) and the Madeira Islands in the Atlantic are autonomous regions of Portugal, considered integral parts of the republic.
Portugal administers one overseas territory, Macau (Macao), in eastern Asia near Hong Kong. Macau is scheduled to return to Chinese administration in 1999. The total area of metropolitan Portugal, including the Azores (2247 sq km/868 sq mi) and the Madeira Islands (794 sq km/307 sq mi), is 92,345 sq km (35,655 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Lisbon.

The frontiers of Portugal are defined by mountains and rivers, and the interior is largely mountainous. In the west and south the mountains descend to a large coastal plain that is intensively cultivated. The highest range is the Serra da Estrela in central Portugal, rising to 1991 m (6532 ft).
Portugal is traversed by three great rivers, which rise in Spain and empty into the Atlantic Ocean. The Tajo (Tejo), with Lisbon situated at its mouth, is the largest river; followed by the Douro (Duero), with Porto (Oporto) at its mouth; and the Guadiana, which forms part of the eastern frontier. A fourth river, the Minho, forms part of the northern frontier.

The climate varies according to altitude, and high temperatures occur only in the comparatively low regions of the south.
The mean annual temperature north of the Douro River is about 10° C (about 50° F); between the Tajo and Douro, about 16° C (about 60° F); and in the valley of the Guadiana, about 18° C (about 65° F). Rainfall is heavy, particularly in the north.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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