Trnava is an important center of West Slovakia and is one
of Slovakia's oldest cities (13th century). It was, during
the period of the Turkish invasions, a religious center
of Hungary, and became, as early as the 17th century, a
university town. Numerous buildings from this era earned
Travna the nickname of "The Slovak Rome".
This historic center was surrounded by medieval town walls
(Gothic). The old university occupies the northwestern part
of the Old Town. The visitor can also admire the Clarist
convent, the University Church of St. John the Baptist and
the Franciscan Church of St. James. The Cathedral of St.
Nicholas, constructed in the area around the fortifications
in the second half of the 14th century, deserves special
attention. There are several other churches to visit in
the city and also the Archbishop's Palace.