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Vatican City Introduction

Holy See (Vatican City)    Introduction Top of Page
Background: Popes in their secular role ruled much of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope's holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of "prisoner" popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Vatican and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include the failing health of Pope John Paul II, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the adjustment of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1 billion people worldwide profess the Catholic faith.


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Geography of Holy See (Vatican City) - Highlights the location, map references, area, land boundaries, climate, natural resources, land use, natural hazards, environment, and geography of Holy See (Vatican City)

People of Holy See (Vatican City) - Learn about the population, age structure, birth and death rate, sex ratio, nationality, ethnic groups, religions, languages, and literacy in Holy See (Vatican City)

Government and Politics in Holy See (Vatican City) - Profiles the country name, government type, administrative divisions, independence, national holiday, constitution, legal system, suffrage, executive, legislative, and judicial branches, political parties and leaders, and a flag description of Holy See (Vatican City).

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Transportation in Holy See (Vatican City) - Offers statistical details on the railways, highways, waterways, ports & harbors, airports, and other facts on transportation in Holy See (Vatican City)

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Transnational Issues of Holy See (Vatican City) - Explore international disputes and transnational issues of Holy See (Vatican City)

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