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Niue Geography

Niue    Geography Top of Page
Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W
Map references: Oceania
Area: total:  260 sq km

land:  260 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 64 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m
Natural resources: fish, arable land
Land use: arable land:  19%

permanent crops:  8%

permanent pastures:  4%

forests and woodland:  19%

other:  50% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: typhoons
Environment - current issues: increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

signed, but not ratified:  Law of the Sea
Geography - note: one of world's largest coral islands


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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