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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Solomon Islands Geography




Solomon Islands    Geography Top of Page
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S, 159 00 E
Map references: Oceania
Area: total:  28,450 sq km

land:  27,540 sq km

water:  910 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 5,313 km
Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

continental shelf:  200 NM

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m
Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Land use: arable land:  1%

permanent crops:  1%

permanent pastures:  1%

forests and woodland:  88%

other:  9% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: typhoons, but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:  Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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