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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Argentina Geography, Climate, and Weather

Area: 2.8 million sq. km. (1.1 million sq. mi.); about the size of the U.S. east of the Mississippi River; second-largest country in South America.
Cities: Capital--Buenos Aires (city 3 million; metropolitan area 13 million). Other major cities--Cordoba (1.2 million); Rosario (950,000); Mar del Plata (900,000); Mendoza (400,000).
Terrain: Andes mountains and foothills in the west. Aconcagua (7,021 m; 23,034 ft) is highest peak in the Western Hemisphere; remainder of country is lowland; central region characterized by vast grassy plains (pampas).
Climate: Varied--predominantly temperate with extremes ranging from subtropical in the north to arid/subantarctic in far south.

Temperate climatic conditions prevail throughout most of Argentina, except for a small tropical area in the northeast and the subtropical Chaco in the north. In Buenos Aires the average temperature range is 17 to 29 C (63 to 85 F) in January and 6 to 14 C (42 to 57 F) in July. Precipitation in Argentina is marked by wide regional variations.
More than 1,520 mm (60 in) fall annually in the extreme north, but conditions gradually become semiarid to the south and west. In the vicinity of Buenos Aires annual rainfall is about 950 mm (about 37 in). In the vicinity of Mendoza annual rainfall is about 190 mm (about 7 in).


Acknowledgements: U.S. Department of State

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