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Falkland Islands Geography

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina
Geographic coordinates: 51 45 S, 59 00 W
Map references: South America
Area: total:  12,173 sq km

land:  12,173 sq km

water:  0 sq km

note:  includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 1,288 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf:  200 NM

exclusive fishing zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate
Terrain: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Mount Usborne 705 m
Natural resources: fish, wildlife
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  99%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  1% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: strong winds persist throughout the year
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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