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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Guyana Geography

Guyana    Geography Top of Page
Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 5 00 N, 59 00 W
Map references: South America
Area: total:  214,970 sq km

land:  196,850 sq km

water:  18,120 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Idaho
Land boundaries: total:  2,462 km

border countries:  Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Coastline: 459 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf:  200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land use: arable land:  2%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  6%

forests and woodland:  84%

other:  8% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 1,300 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Environment - current issues: water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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