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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Paraguay Geography




Paraguay    Geography Top of Page
Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina
Geographic coordinates: 23 00 S, 58 00 W
Map references: South America
Area: total:  406,750 sq km

land:  397,300 sq km

water:  9,450 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than California
Land boundaries: total:  3,920 km

border countries:  Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
Terrain: grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m

highest point:  Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m
Natural resources: hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Land use: arable land:  6%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  55%

forests and woodland:  32%

other:  7% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 670 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)
Environment - current issues: deforestation (an estimated 2 million hectares of forest land were lost from 1958-85); water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health risks for many urban residents
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Nuclear Test Ban
Geography - note: landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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