Last modified: 2001-09-08 by santiago dotor
Keywords: lebanon | politics | nationalsocialist | pan-syrian | greater syria | syrian social nationalist party | parti populaire syrien | ssnp | zouba'a | cyclone | tempest |
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by António Martins
The Syrian Social Nationalist Party was founded in 1932 and advocates the union of Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait in a single state. The flag shows the party's emblem, a red zouba'a (cyclone or tempest), symbolising strength and dynamism. The red color symbolises the dawn of a healthy new era brought about by the party replacing the current (black) reactionary era. The four sides the of the zouba'a represent the four party values of freedom, duty, discipline and power. Another explanation of the zouba'a is that it represents the union of the Christians and Muslims of united Syria the cross (symbol of Christianity) and the crescent (symbol of Islam) can be combined to create the symbol of the zouba'a.
'Severus', 20 November 1996
The Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP, also called the Parti Populaire Syrien) was (still is, in Lebanon) a pan-Syrian party, as opposed to a pan-Arab party. The party's symbol is a black "hurricane" emblem in a white circle on, if I remember correctly, a red flag. I just found a picture of the SSNP flag. The SSNP is a fascist-type party established in the early 1930s by Antun Sa'ada, a Lebanese immigrant to Brazil who spoke German and whose vision of a Greater Syria was definitely influenced by German nationalist writings. The SSNP flag, salute, etc. definitely resemble Italian and German fascism. The party was influential in Syria and Lebanon in the 1950s, and is still around in Lebanon.
Michael R. Fischbach, 16 November 1997
The above description has no connection to reality. You should read about Antun Sa'ada, study his writings and know the real cause which made him create a Syrian Social Nationalist renaissance which would fulfill its declared principles and return the Syrian nation to vitality and strength; the organization of a movement seeking the complete independence of the Syrian nation and the vindication of its sovereignty; the establishment of a new order to protect its interest and raise its standard of living; and the endeavor to form an Arab front. Thus the SSNP is a not a fascist-type party but a Syrian Social Nationalist Party which is absolutely independent of any fascist thoughts.
Some comments on the above description:
(...) I came to the conclusion that the loss of national sovereignty was the primary cause of my nation's past and present woes. (...) I decided to enter the political field by following the path of a new social nationalist renaissance that would guarantee the purification of the existing nationalist beliefs and their unification into a single ideology and would, in turn, foster the kind of solidarity (Esprit de Corps) which is essential for national cooperation, progress, and the protection of the national interest and rights. (...) I realized that I would then have to devise means that would protect the new social nationalist renaissance as it surged ahead. It was this that first suggested to me the idea of forming a secret political party that would initially incorporate those forces of our youth that stand out for their integrity and lack of affection for the corruption of debased politics. So I founded the Syrian Social Nationalist Party and I unified the various nationalist beliefs into the one idea namely Syria is for the Syrians and the Syrians are one nation. I also laid down a number of reform principles, namely, the separation of religion from the state, turning production into an infrastructure for the distribution of wealth and labour, and the establishment of a strong army that can play an effective role in determining the destiny of the nation and the homeland. (...) I laid all of this down and went ahead with founding the party in total disregard of the existence or non-existence of the mandate. Thus, the party was not founded exclusively as a counterweight to the mandate, but to unify the Syrian nation into a sovereign state that has the will to determine its own destiny. (...) The party was not founded on the principle of foreigner hatred or chauvinism, but on the principle of social nationalism.
Hani Boustani, 26 February 2000