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Chuvashia (Russia)

C^uvas^ia^, C^a~vas^ En

Last modified: 2003-07-18 by antonio martins
Keywords: chuvashia | sun: 8 rays | star: 8 points (fimbriated) | oak | hop | leaf: hop | beer | bukyet chuvashii | buket c^uvas^ii |
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[Flag of Chuvashia]
by António Martins, 06 Sep 1997
See also: Other sites:
  • Portrait of Chuvashia: Descriptions of the flag and hymn with pictures.
    Reported by Jorge Candeias
    New (and less stable) url, new “web design”, old grainy image, old typo-full text...
    António Martins, 31 Jan 2000

Presentation of Chuvashia

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Chuvashia • (russian, short form): Чувашия | Ĉuvaŝiâ • (russian, long form): Чувашская Республика | Ĉuvaŝskaâ Respublika • (local, short form): Чӑваш Ен | Ĉăvaŝ En
    • (local, long form): Чӑваш Республикӗ | Ĉăvaŝ Respublikĕ
  • Local official language: Chuvash
  • Capital (russian): Чебоксары | Ĉeboksary • (english): Cheboksary• (local name): Шупашкар | Ŝupaŝkar
  • Area: 18 300 km2 (~=7 100 sq.mi.) • Population: 1 351 400 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Republic (Республика | Respublika) within the Russian Federation
  • Federal District: Volga • Economic region: Volga-Vyatka
  • License plate code: 21 (in the soviet era: ЧУ | ĈU) • Ham radio code: CU • ISO 3166-2 code: CU
  • Flag adopted on 1992.04.29 • Coat of arms adopted on 1992.04.29

Like Bashkor, Chuvash people are Turkic; strangely they are not Muslim but christian orthodox.
Giuseppe Bottasini, quoting [zig94]

Die hard nationalists would tell you how this is one of the oldest peoples on Earth, with unsuspected connections with Sumerians and Egyptians, while, more reasonably, most historians would acknowledge that the Chuvash managed to create one of the first organized societies in northeastern Europe, the (Volga) Bolgar state.

Even so, Chuvashia celebrates today (June 24th) a modest 80th anniversary, commemorating the creation of the Chuvash Autonomous Region within the RSFSR, in 1920. This was upgraded to ASSR in 1925 with confimation of Cheboksary as the capital (Kanash was briefly considered) and some territorial exchanges NE and SW (after a rejected proposal of adding to it all of the current Ulyanovsk Region, with the would-be capital in this city).

There was no separate division corresponding to Chuvashia during the time it’s territory was under Tatar domination (Kazan Khanate), nor during the tsarist regime — hence this celebration.

António Martins, 23 Jun 2000

Description of the flag

[Download a black and white construction sheet contributed in 15 Sep 1997 by António Martins
here (21 599 kb) — ed.]

Chuvash seem to like their flag very much, it being all over the republic. However, variations, simplifications and errouneous depictions are quite often.
António Martins, 01 Aug 1999

On 29 April 1992 Chuvashia adopted a very original golden-purple flag, representing a stylized “Tree of Life” (symbol of national revival) topped with three Suns, an ancient Chuvash device.
Giuseppe Bottasini, quoting [zig94]

The colour (dark red) of Moscow flag is established by the law. Chuvashian red is pupurniy (dark red). Concerning to other russian flags I can tell that they usually use red colour.
Nicolay Khimenkov, 02 Mar 1999

The 24th of June chuvash streets and store windows are more decorated than usual with red and yellow motives and I note that these show the distinct darker shade of red prescribed by law (contrasting with most flags in sight, incl. official ones, which use the same red as the russian national flag). There is even one of these items showing wavy stripes of both flag patterns where this difference is clearly visible and obviously intentional. I suspect that the graphical artist that created the chuvash flag in 1992 (who works for the city government) might be behind this strive for correctness.
António Martins, 23 Jun 2000

The flag design is taken from the coat of arms. The Tree of Life motif is often in many local ornaments — embroidery, vime and iron works, gastronomy, etc. The 8-pointed star is widely used in all ethnical republics of Central European Russia (Udmurtia, Mari-El, Chuvashia, Tataria, Bashkiria and Mordovia) and can be found in several of their flags.
António Martins, 08 Nov 1996

The Chuvash government has recently erected a very tall flag pole in C^eboksary’s main square, in front of the "Yellow House", the government head quarters. It’s no less than 25-30 m high, and it flies permanently a large chuvash flag.
António Martins, 26 Jul 1999

The coat of arms of Chuvashia

[Coat of arms]
by António Martins, 02 May 2002

The coat-of-arms shows the same devices (Tree of Life and Suns) along with golden hop branches and the name of the Republic in gold on a purple cartouche.
Giuseppe Bottasini, quoting [zig94]

Bukyet Chuvashii
(Buket Ĉuvaŝii | Букет Чувашии)

[Flag of Chuvashia]
by António Martins, 22 Dec 2000

Bukyet Chuvashii is one the main liquor manufactors in Chuvashia, Russia, and it specialized in beer. This beverage is a national (chuvash) ancient tradition, this republic being almost exclusively responsible for Russia's rank as the 8th major producer of hop world wide.

This company’s flag is one of the most elegant and vexillologically “perfect” I have ever seen, showing the main part of its logo, a stylized hop leaf, on the central panel of a green — yellow — green vertical triband. (This logo, in both old and new variants, shows the tree suns from the chuvash coat of arms as its “crest” and a ribbon patterned after the chuvash flag.)

The flag comes in two variants: an older one with a pale shade of yellow (almost ivory), very dark green and identical areas; and a more recent one (since last april?) with medium shades and the central panel slightly larger, containing an also larger emblem.

This new version can be seen at the Beer Museum in Cheboksary, and also proeminently hoisted on the ship-shaped out door summer cafes in the Zaliv Park. The older version is very frequent as a table top ornament, usualy crossed with russian or chuvash flags.

António Martins, 22 Dec 2000

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