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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda Geography and Facts

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 17 03 N, 61 48 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

total: 442 sq km (Antigua 281 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
land: 442 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Redonda

Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 153 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m

Natural resources: NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

Land use:
arable land: 18%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 9%
forests and woodland: 11%
other: 62% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

Environment - current issues: water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


Antigua and Barbuda is an independent island country in the Caribbean Sea. It consists of the islands of Antigua, Barbuda, and Redonda.

The island group lies in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies. It is located about 48 kilometres north of Guadeloupe, 400 kilometres southeast of Puerto Rico, and 700 kilometres north of Venezuela.

Antigua's capital is St. Johns, and Barbuda's capital is Codrington. Redonda, a rocky islet, is uninhabited.

The islands of Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981. Some 3,000 refugees fleeing a volcanic eruption on nearby Montserrat have settled in Antigua and Barbuda since 1995.

The nation of Antigua (pronounced An-tee'ga) and Barbuda is located in the middle of the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Its craggy coastline hides its beautiful, sandy bays and calm, pristine beaches, while its clear water is home to dazzling coral reefs. Hills gently dot the island's landscape but, generally, Antigua is made up of fields and plains.

The climate is mainly tropical marine, with a little seasonal variation. Temperatures range from the mid-seventies in the winter to the mid-eighties in the summer. The best time to visit Antigua and Barbuda is during the cool and dry winter months (mid-December to mid-April). The weather gets hotter in the summer (June to August) and less dry in the autumn (September to November).

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