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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - The Bahamas


The Bahamas Geography and Facts

Location: Caribbean, chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida

Geographic coordinates: 24 15 N, 76 00 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 13,940 sq km
land: 10,070 sq km
water: 3,870 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3,542 km

Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

Terrain: long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Alvernia, on Cat Island 63 m

Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber

Land use:
arable land: 1%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 32%
other: 67% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Natural hazards: hurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage

Environment - current issues: coral reef decay; solid waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain


Geography
The Commonwealth of the Bahamas area is about 13,939-sq. km. The capital of Bahamas is Nassau, population about 164,000. Only 30 of the 2,700 islands and cays that constitute the Bahamas are permanently inhabited.


Climate
The Bahamas enjoy a mild, semitropical climate. Annual rainfall averages about 114 centimeters (45 inches). Temperatures average 84 F (29 C) during summer months and 72 F (22 C) during the winter. From late August through October, the Bahamas is often in the path of hurricanes and tropical storms.


Bahamas are a chain of islands forming an independent nation in the northern Caribbean Sea.

The island chain (called an archipelago) comprises 700 islands and 2,000 cays (low sand banks). Only 30 to 40 of the islands are inhabited.

Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas have prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management.

By the early 1980s, the islands had become a major center for drug trafficking, particularly shipments to the US.



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