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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Botswana


Botswana Geography and Facts

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa

Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 24 00 E

Map references: Africa

Area:
total: 600,370 sq km
land: 585,370 sq km
water: 15,000 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 4,013 km
border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m

Natural resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Land use:
arable land: 1%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 46%
forests and woodland: 47%
other: 6% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

Environment - current issues: overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country


Geography
Botswana is situated to the north of South Africa. It is bordered on the north and west by Namibia, on the north and east by Zimbabwe, and is connected by a narrow strip of land on the northern border to Zambia. It is made up of almost entirely of a broad, flat, arid subtropical plateau, though there are hills in the eastern part of the country. National parks cover 17% of the country and the Kalahari Desert covers most of Botswana.


Climate
Botswana's climate is sub-tropical and dry. However, due to the lands altitude and its distance from the oceans, the climate is more temperate than tropical. Summer from November through March has very hot days and nights, but rain and thunderstorms are also frequent and cools off after rain spells. Days are hot while nights are cooler in autumn (April - June) and it is perhaps the best time to travel in Botswana. Winter days from July to August are dry, sunny and hot but the nights are very cold. Spring during the months of September to November is the hottest time of the year, with very dry hot days and hot nights.



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