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Djibouti Geography

Djibouti    Geography Top of Page
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 00 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  22,000 sq km

land:  21,980 sq km

water:  20 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Land boundaries: total:  508 km

border countries:  Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km
Coastline: 314 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: desert; torrid, dry
Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Lac Assal -155 m

highest point:  Moussa Ali 2,028 m
Natural resources: geothermal areas
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  9%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  91% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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