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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Gambia Geography

Gambia, The    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  11,300 sq km

land:  10,000 sq km

water:  1,300 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Land boundaries: total:  740 km

border countries:  Senegal 740 km
Coastline: 80 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  18 NM

continental shelf:  not specified

exclusive fishing zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia river flanked by some low hills
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location 53 m
Natural resources: fish
Land use: arable land:  18%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  9%

forests and woodland:  28%

other:  45% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 150 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)
Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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